Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), dhania is an annual spice crop and a member of the Umbelliferae, or carrot family. The coriander plant yields both the fresh herb and spice seed, which are used primarily for culinary purposes.
The fresh green herb is called cilantro, or Chinese parsley. India is the biggest producer, consumer and exporter of coriander in the world. Rajasthan. Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat arelargest producing states in the country.